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Glaxo Wellcome
Pharmacology Guide

In vivo pharmacology: routes of administration

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Route Abbreviation Description
Intracerebroventricular icv Into the ventricles of
the brain
Intra-arterial ia Into the lumen of an
Intracerebral ic Into the brain
Intradermal id Into the dermal layer
of the skin
Intramuscular im Into a skeletal muscle
Intraperitoneal ip Into the peritoneal
Intrathecal it Into the spinal canal
Intravenous iv Into a vein
Oral po By mouth
Parenteral -- Any route other than
by the alimentary
canal; usually means
injected into the body
Subcutaneous sc Under the skin
Topical -- Onto a surface, such
as the skin or the eye


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